NACO releases HIV Estimations 2017 report

NACO releases HIV Estimations 2017 report

In news

According to figures released by National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) it said it would not be an easy battle to end the disease as there are still around 21.40 lakh people living with HIV in India, with the prevalence among adults stood at 0.22 per cent.

Importance of Study

The objective of HIV estimations is to provide updated information on the status of the HIV epidemic in India at the national and State/Union Territory level.

“Estimations of adult HIV prevalence, annual new infections (HIV incidence), AIDS-related mortality, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) needs are produced as outcomes of HIV estimations.

The modelled estimates are needed because there is no direct reliable way of measuring these core indicators, which are used to track the epidemic and monitor and evaluate the response in countries around the world.

Findings of the report:

  • This epidemic is high in some geographical regions and population groups
  • The report has noted that the rate of decline in annual new HIV infections has been relatively slower in recent years
  • The impact of the HIV/AIDS control programme has been significant, with more than an 80 per cent decline in estimated new infections from the epidemic’s peak in 1995.

Few Stats & Figures

  • There were around 87,000 new HIV infections and over 69,000 AIDS-related deaths (ARDs) in 2017.
  • Around 22,675 mothers needed Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
  • India’s 2017 figures also do not show a significant positive shift from 2015, the previous year for which when such a survey had been carried out.
  • In 2015, India had reported 86,000 new HIV infections.
  • Of these, children (<15 years) accounted for 12 per cent (10,400)
  • Remaining (75,000) were adults (15+ years).
  • In 2015, the total number of people living with HIV in India was estimated at 21.17 lakh, while the same figure was 22.26 lakh in 2007.

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